After schooling, mostly everyone follow the same routine, i.e taking up any of the +2 courses, continuing their studies up to graduation or post graduation; or taking an entrance exam to get admission into medical/ engineering or any other professional field. But for those who are not too keen on taking up +2 after 10th standard, but want to get basic training skills in a trade, they have an option of taking up technical education provided by Industrial training institutes (ITI). Nowadays people are becoming more aware about the scope for technical education. The need for skilled personnel in various technical fields is increasing day by day, due to the changing economic and industrial scenario of the world. In India, the demand for man power labour has grown exponentially, by the rapid invasion of factories, ports and ships which results in the rise of numerous technical jobs. Here comes the significance of technical education which plays a vital role in creating skilled manpower for industries. Technical education is a diverse field providing courses and trades in the areas of engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy, applied arts and crafts, hotel management, catering technology etc. Industrial Training Institutes (ITI's) and Industrial Training Centers (ITC's) are pioneers in the field of technical education which provide support i.e basic skills to an individual to become self reliant in the trade they choose. ITI's are government-run organisations whereas ITC's are privately-run training organisations, both operating under the general guidance of the Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGET), Ministry of Labour & Employment, Union government of India. ITC's are self financing and provide same courses as that of ITI's. Courses in these institutes are designed to impart technical knowledge to the youngsters and offers training in engineering and non-engineering technical fields, such as in trades like electrician, machinist, fitter, plumber, turner, welder, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic, computer hardware etc. Trade Test or qualifying test for both ITI and ITC trainees are also common i.e All India Trade Test (AITT) Besides DGET, State Council of Vocational Training (SCVT) and National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT) are also associated with the functioning of ITI's. Eligibility A pass in 10th standard (SSLC/ matriculation) or equivalent is the minimum eligibility required to obtain admission to ITI / ITC, that are made usually in the month of August every year. The duration of the trade/ course may vary from one year to three years, depending on the field chosen. Some of the courses/ trades offering in the ITI's/ ITC's are given below : Engineering Trades 1. Architectural Assistant 2. Attendant Operator (Chemical Plant) 3. Building Maintenance 4. Carpenter 5. Draughtsman (Civil) 6. Draughtsman (Mechanical) 7. Electrician 8. Electronic Mechanic 9. Electroplater 10. Fitter 11. Foundry man 12. Information Technology & Electronics System Maintenance 13. Instrument Mechanic 14. Instrument Mechanic (Chemical Plant) 15. Interior Decoration and Designing 16. Laboratory Assistant (Chemical Plant) 17. Lift Mechanic 18. Machinist 19. Machinist (Grinder) 20. Maintenance Mechanic (Chemical Plant) 21. Marine Engine Fitter 22. Mason (Building Constructor) 23. Mech. Communication Equipment Maintenance 24. Mech. Repair & Maintenance of Heavy Vehicles 25. Mech. Repair & Maintenance of Light Vehicles 26. Mech. Repair & Maintenance of Two Wheelers 27. Mechanic (Diesel) 28. Mechanic (Motor Vehicle) 29. Mechanic (Radio & TV) 30. Mechanic (Refrigeration and Air-Conditioner) 31. Mechanic (Tractor) 32. Mechanic Agricultural Machinery 33. Mechanic Auto Electrical and Electronics 34. Mechanic Computer Hardware 35. Mechanic Consumer Electronics 36. Mechanic Industrial Electronics 37. Mechanic Lens/Prism Grinding 38. Mechanic Machine Tools Maintenance 39. Mechanic Mechatronics 40. Mechanic Medical Electronics 41. Mechanic-cum-Operator Electronics Communication System 42. Operator Advanced Machine Tools 43. Painter General 44. Physiotherapy Technician 45. Plastic Processing Operator 46. Plumber 47. Pump Operator-cum-Mechanic 48. Radiology Technician (Radio Diagnosis & Radiotherapy) 49. Sanitary Hardware fitter 50. Sheet Metal Worker 51. Spinning Technician 52. Surveyor 53. Textile Mechatronics 54. Tool & Die Maker (Dies & Moulds) 55. Tool & Die Maker (Press Tools, Jigs & Fixtures) 56. Turner 57. Vessel Navigator 58. Welder (Gas and Electric) 59. Weaving Technician 60. Wireman Non- Engineering Trades 1. Baker and Confectioner 2. Cabin/Room Attendant 3. Cane Willow and Bamboo Work 4. Catering & Hospitality Assistant 5. Computer Aided Embroidery & Needle Work 6. Computer Operator and Programming Assistant 7. Corporate House Keeping 8. Craftsman Food Production (General) 9. Craftsman Food Production (Vegetarian) 10. Creche Management 11. Cutting & Sewing 12. Dairying 13. Data Entry Operator 14. Dental Laboratory Technician 15. Desk Top Publishing Operator 16. Digital Photographer 17. Domestic House Keeping 18. Dress Making 19. Driver Cum Mechanic (Light Motor Vehicle) 20. Embroidery and Needle Work 21. Event Management Assistant 22. Fashion Technology 23. Floriculture & Landscaping 24. Front Office Assistant 25. Hair and Skin care 26. Health Sanitary Inspector 27. Horticulture 28. Hospital House Keeping 29. Hospital Waste Management 30. Institution House Keeping 31. Insurance Agent 32. Leather Goods Maker 33. Library & Information Science 34. Litho – Offset Machine Minder 35. Manufacture of Footwear 36. Medical Transcription 37. Multimedia Animation & Special Effect 38. Network Technician 39. Office Assistant cum Computer Operator 40. Old Age Care 41. Photographer 42. Plate Maker-cum-Impositer 43. Pre/Preparatory School Management (Assistant) 44. Preservation of fruits and vegetables 45. Process Cameraman 46. Secretarial Practice 47. Stenography (English) 48. Stenography (Hindi) 49. Steward 50. Travel & Tour Assistant 51. Textile Wet Processing Technician 52. Tourist Guide 53. Weaving of Silk and Woolen Fabrics 54. Weaving of Woolen Fabrics All the courses/ trades are affiliated to Director General of Employment and Training (DGET) and are conducted as per the curriculum prescribed by the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT). Certain ITI's provide short term courses exclusively designed for overseas employment. 10th passed students to B.Tech students can utilize this course. The trades in ITI are classified into several training schemes. Among the various training schemes, Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) and the Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS) are the most important that provide pre-employment training. CTS provides long term institutional training. As Training imparted in Institutions alone is not sufficient for acquisition of skills, it needs to be supplemented by training in the actual work place. ATS is a combination of institutional and on-the-job training that provides skilled manpower to the industry. Depending on the trade, educational qualifications for admission to ITIs under the CTS and ATS vary from class 8th to 12th grade and also the duration. CTS aims at producing semi-skilled workers and the pass out CTS trainees can enter into apprenticeship. The duration of ATS ranges from six months to four years and the graduate apprentices are considered as skilled workers. Qualifying Test : On completion of desired period of training under CTS and ATS, the candidates are qualified to appear in the All India Trade Test (AITT) conducted by NCVT (National Council for Vocational training). The test is conducted twice a year, October/ November and April/May. Successful candidates passing out AITT, are awarded the National Trade Certificate (NTC) and National Apprenticeship Certificates (NAC) in the concerning trade by NCVT. NTC and NAC are recognized qualification for recruitment to relevant posts and services in Central/ State Government establishments as well as in private and corporate sectors and industries.