Mechatronics is centered on the disciplines of mechanics, electronics, controls and computers which, when combined make possible the generation of simpler, more economical, reliable and versatile commercial and industrial products. The term was first used in 1969 in Japan, but has become more common in the last twenty years, as traditional mechanical products became increasingly governed by electronic and computer control. It is said that the term 'mechatronics' was invented by a Japanese engineer Tetsura Mori who worked for Yasakava company. Mechatronics is a field of engineering that focuses on the design and production of automated equipment. Mechatronic engineering is an interdisciplinary engineering field which is the combination of computer, electrical, electronics and mechanical engineering that serves the purpose of controlling advanced hybrid systems. In other words, Mechatronics is a branch of engineering that incorporates the ideas of mechanical and electronic engineering into one entity, and in particular cover those areas of engineering concerned with the increasing integration of mechanical, electronic, and software engineering into a production process. It is also called Robotic Science. Mechatronics engineering is an integrated approach to the design of computer controlled electro-mechanical systems. The field of mechatronics integrates the operations, skills and tools of mechanical engineering with those of electrical and computer engineering. It unites the principles of mechanics, electronics and computing, and the end purpose is to design a simpler and more economical system. A typical mechatronic system is characterised by close integration of the mechanical components, electronic sensors, mechanical and electrical actuators and computer controllers. Mechatronics because of its usefulness is now proving to be one of the most functional of the various existing engineering disciplines. A mechatronics graduate can utilize his multiple skills for system designing, and manufacturing the products by incorporating control, electronic and computer devices. Mechatronic engineers design and implement mechanical devices that combine mechanics, software design and electronics. Mechatronics engineers are mechanics, electrical engineers and electronicians all at the same time. A well trained graduate in the field of mechatronics can fulfill all needs of the technical industry. These systems are found in numerous industry sectors where mechanical and electronic engineering are interfaced with computer systems, such as aerospace, automotive, chemical processing, computers, communications, electronics, healthcare, manufacturing and mining. Examples of mechatronic systems are robots, digitally controlled combustion engines, machine tools with self-adaptive tools, contact-free magnetic bearings, automated guided vehicles etc. Eligibility Educational In order to be eligible for a course at undergraduate level in mechatronics you need to have done 10+2 or equivalent with physics, chemistry and mathematics. Bachelor courses (B.E./B.Tech) are of 4 years duration. There are also masters and PhD courses in mechatronics. Applicants for postgraduate programmes in Mechatronics are required to have completed B.E./B.Tech. or equivalent from a recognized University/Institution in the area of Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Electronics & Telecommunication, Instrumentation and Mechanical Engineering or equivalent. M.Tech course is 2 year duration programme. Ph.D takes three to five years to complete. Being an interdisciplinary area of study, a course in the discipline will throw light on the other disciplines that go into the making of mechatronics. Typically, a mechatronics course will focus on both the application and the theoretical perspectives associated with the branch of engineering. Subjects covered include mathematics, mechanics, thermo dynamics, circuit system, electronics and communication, mechanical designing, power engineering etc. Personal attributes It is essential for a mechatronic engineer to have sound knowledge of electronics, software design and mechanics. He/She must possess good communication, problem solving, decision making skill and creative skills. They must have interpersonal and team working skills, an inquisitive and logical mind. They need to have excellent technical drawing and computer skills. They should have numeric skills as math's is an important tool and interest in technical as well as mechanical activities. Medicine Medicine is one of the most sort out and rewarding career for those interested in Science and dealing with sick people. Over the years, the field of medical studies have undergone various stages of development, it has become so vast that specialisations within are increasing day by day. There is great scope for medicine as a professional career. A doctor's profession involves a lot of hard work and at the same time, it gives the satisfaction of curing patients at times even saving lives. It is a very demanding profession. To be in this profession is more a responsibility than a privilege. It is more of what you can give the community than what you can get from it. The increasing complicated lifestyles giving birth to a variety of ailments have made it impossible for General Physicians with an MBBS degree to handle all ailments. It is here that specialisation in a particular branch of medicine becomes a necessity. The major Specialisations include General Medicine, General Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Dermatology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat), Psychiatry, Anesthesiology etc. There is also Super Specialisations which require a further 3-5 years of study in areas such as Plastic Surgery, Neurosurgery, Cardio-thoracic surgery, Conito-urinary surgery, Paediatric Surgery, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Clinical Haematology. The demand for medical professionals are tremendously increasing with the unfortunate upsurge of diseases and ailments day by day. At the same time super specialty hospitals are mushrooming both within the country and abroad offering employment opportunities. These along with liberalization of economy could bring better opportunities for these professionals in terms of remuneration, research and working facilities. Other than Allopathy, medicine also covers different systems like Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani etc. Eligibility Educational: The basic or degree level qualification for a medical profession is MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine And Bachelor Of Surgery) which is of 5 1/2 years duration (including 1 year internship). Selection for MBBS is through an All India Entrance Examination. (Details inEntrance Details & Syllabus). The qualification required for entrance is 10+2 or equivalent with Science subjects. In the case of private medical colleges entrance examinations are conducted by the institutes individually. In addition to MBBS, candidate should complete House Surgency or internship for one year. The course content includes anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, forensic medicine, general medicine, surgery, ophthalmology, ENT (ear, nose and throat), gynaecology and obstetrics, paediatrics, orthopaedics and preventive and social medicine. After MBBS, candidates can go for post graduate level studies (MD or MS) through another entrance. At the post graduate level, there is specialisation in Medicine and Surgery. Post Graduate Programmes (MD or MS) is usually of 3 years duration. The major Specialisations include General Medicine, General Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Dermatology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat), Psychiatry, Anesthesiology etc. Those with Post Graduation (MD or MS or M.Sc in Medicine) can further opt for super-specialisation. i.e. they can go for Ph.D in any specialised area of medicine. MD or MS holders can complete the Doctoral Programme (Ph.D) in 2 years and M.Sc Medicine holders in 3 years. For practicing as a physician or surgeon, one needs to have completed the MBBS course from a recognised medical college and must possess a license from the State Medical Council to practice. Personal Attributes: Should have good memory and recollection ability, service mentality, stamina, patience, power of concentration, emotional stability, logical and analytical mind, willingness to learn throughout their career, ability to take timely decisions, self -motivation etc. A doctor is also expected to possess a strong sense of responsibility as the patient's life depends entirely on him.