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Hospital Management

In recent times, health care concept of the people have undergone a tremendous change which has lead to higher expectations and an increased demand for high quality medical care and facilities. Here comes the importance of Health/ Hospital Management. It is the latest concept in the field of management and one of the most lucrative and important careers in the health sector. According to a recent US survey, Hospital management is one among the top ten millennium professions which provides a direct link between healthcare facilities and those supplying the services they need. A career in Hospital Management involves ensuring effective utilization of physical and financial resources of the hospital as well as creating an organizational climate beneficial to the growth and development of the personnel. It is a difficult, challenging, responsible and more over, a demanding job. Professional services of trained manpower namely Hospital administrators/ managers have now become essential to manage hospitals and medical facilities. It is the hospital administrators/ managers who manage hospitals, outpatient clinics, hospices, drug-abuse treatment centers etc. They would be responsible for overall patient care, education, research and community health care associated with the organization, and make sure that they conform to the rules of the Hospital. These people with the help of a team of assistants, look after the administrative affairs i.e plan, coordinate and direct the delivery of health services within a hospital. In early days, senior doctors used to perform the role of a hospital manager. But now things have changed and the services of these qualified professionals are required for the smooth functioning of hospitals. The services of these professionals go a long way in making the hospital more productive, profitable and comfortable for the patients. Career opportunities in the field of Hospital Management are increasing very rapidly not only because of the growing importance of hospital industry, but also with the difference in the nature of work in hospitals. It is an apt career for those who have an empathic nature along with a flair for organising, and an eye for detail. A Hospital Manager requires good knowledge of finance and information systems, interpretation of data, and must be able to keep up good communication with the staff of various departments, and patients. They can work as Deans and Directors of medical colleges, Hospital superintendents, Deputy superintendents, Medical directors, Nursing directors, Heads of departments and as Administrators with substantial managerial responsibilities. Hospital manager will be responsible for the overall organization and management of the hospital to ensure its smooth functioning with the objective of ensuring complete satisfaction. Eligibility With the growing importance of hospital industry in providing health care to people across the country, Hospital Management courses are becoming very popular. An individual from a medical or a non-medical background, can pursue a career in Hospital Administration/ Management. The pre-requisite is a graduation (medical/ non-medical)or a degree/ diploma in Hospital Administration. The main professional courses available in this field are Bachelor of Hospital Management/ Administration, Post Graduate Diploma in Hospital Management/ Administration, Master of Hospital Administration, MBA in Hospital Administration and M.D/ M Phil in Hospital Administration. Apart from these programmes, there are about 70 accredited programs in healthcare administration. Eligibility for Bachelor’s degree in Hospital Management /Administration (BHA) is 10+2 with Biology attaining minimum 50% marks. One can do Post Graduate Degree/ Diploma courses and MBA in Hospital Administration, after graduation in any subject. But the eligibility criteria for post graduate courses may vary according to the course and the institute concerned. For institutes like All India Institute for Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Armed Forces Medical College, Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Symbiosis Centre of Health Care (SCHC) etc, the minimum qualification for PG courses is M.B.B.S. MHA is required for doing M.Phil in Hospital administration. Several institutes are offering short term, certificate, diploma and correspondence courses in Hospital management through distance learning. The Indian Society of Health Administrators (ISHA) offers 1 year Distance Learning Programme in Hospital Administration. Tamil Nadu Open University also offers 2-year distance learning in MBA Hospital Administration whereas Indian Institute Of Pharmaceutical Marketing offers Executive MBA In Hospital Management (EMBA), Advanced Diploma In Hospital Management (ADHM) and so on. Selection -Selection to the Bachelor of Hospital Administration (BHA) courses is generally made on the basis of the marks obtained in +2 and through general entrance test, followed by a Group Discussion and / or Personal Interview. In the Institute of Health Management Research (IHMR) Bangalore, the candidates are selected for admission to PGPHM / PGPPHM only on the basis of personal interviews conducted by the Faculty of the Institute at Bangalore and other cities of Delhi , Mumbai, Chennai & Hyderabad. The selection criterion will also take into account the candidates command over English Language, skill in communicating, Computer handling and overall managerial ability. Duration - BBM/ Bachelor of Hospital Administration (BHA) is of 3 years. Diploma/ MBA/ Masters in Hospital Administration (MHA)/ Management is of two years (4 semesters). Post Graduate Professional Program in Hospital Management (PGPHM) is for 11 months. EMBA, PGDHM and ADHM is of 1 year (2 semesters) duration. Personal skill: Tact, diplomacy, flexibility, communication & organising skills are the most essential qualities needed for Hospital Managers because they spend much of their time in interacting with others. An outgoing, friendly personality; ability to handle people and pressure, ability to handle deadlines, excellent leadership skills are necessary to be an effective hospital manager. He/ she should have quick decision-making capability based on up-to-date management principles and techniques; analytical and logical reasoning skill, patience, excellent verbal and written communication skills to maintain functional relationships with the hospital staff, physicians and the community. As they are responsible for the overall organization and management of the hospital, they should possess good health, energy and stamina for working long and irregular hours.

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