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Cinematography, an integral element in the art of making motion pictures, literally refers to the combined art and science of using a moving image camera. It is the process of recording visual images for the cinema and subsequent development of recorded images in sophisticated photo laboratories. Cinematography comprises of all the processes beginning from the choice of lighting and camera until video and audio of a particular scene is recorded perfectly. A person qualified in the art of cinematography is called Cinematographer or Director of Photography (DP). The Cinematographer is regarded as one of the most senior and important technician in the film creation process. The cinematographer is the person who actually plans and coordinates the actual filming of the movie. A cinematographer is the person responsible for turning the director’s creative vision into a production-feasible reality on screen. Being a creative designer, cinematographer translate the written text to meaningful images. In other words, what you see on screen looks the way it does because of the cinematographer. Cinematographers work closely with the director and give a film its unique visual look and identity. They are responsible for composing each scene to be shot, decides lighting and camera angles as per director's requirement. To succeed as a cinematographer one need to be creative, have a strong interest in cinema and the arts, as well as knowledge in design, and principles of photography. A course in Cinematography is essential to enter the field. Cinematographers primarily monitor the use of photographic and lighting equipment. They often have to work odd hours and travel to remote shooting sites, and may have to work in outdoor locations in stormy weather. Cinematographers film movies and television shows, using cameras in various mounts. Eligibility Educational: The minimum requirement for admission into a cinematography programme is plus two. After plus two one may go for various certificate and diploma courses in cinematography to acquire knowledge in the field. Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune; Satyajit Ray Film & Television Institute, Kolkata, Zee Institute of Media Arts and Whistling Woods International in Mumbai are some of the prominent institutes that conduct courses in Cinematography. Course curriculum includes live shooting with digital cameras, exposure to advanced digital shooting technology and computer software's for creating visual effects for individual shots, exposure to motion graphics, experience with live studios and so on. Personal attributes: More than the educational qualification, Cinematographers need an artistic vision good eyesight. A cinematographer must have the ability to work independently, as well as have the interpersonal skills required to work well under a director and over camera technicians. They have to be detail oriented, hardworking and passionate towards work. He should have a high sense of imagination and foresightedness. Good technical ability and knowledge of cameras and lenses is also essential for a Cinematographer to be successful. Expertise in computer animation and digital editing may also prove to be of great help.



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