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Bouldering is a type of rock climbing which is done without the use of a harness. The equipment used by the climbers are climbing shoes, chalk to keep their hands dry, and bouldering mats to avoid injuries.
There are artificial climbing walls available for climbers to train and practice. Bouldering competitions can either be outdoor or indoor. In indoor competitions, the formats had three rounds: the qualifications, semi-finals, and finals. The rounds has different sets of boulder problems, the climbers have a certain amount of time to attempt each problems. At the end, the climbers are ranked according to the problems they have completed.
In other competitions, the climbers are given a fixed number of attempts for each problem, the time rests between each attempt. In other formats, they are only given the allotted time to fix the problem. In open-format competitions, the climbers compete at the same time. They are given a certain amount of time to complete as many problems as they can.