Sport climbing is a sport that originated from traditional rock climbing. In sport climbing permanent anchors fixed to the rock are used for climbing. The primary focus of the sport is on strength, endurance, speed and difficulty of moves.
Sport climbing routes vary in length and difficulty. Routes vary from single pitch short length routes that test speed, to multi-pitch marathons that test endurance. Most sport climbing competitions have routes that are relatively short; usually less than 30 meters, with a steep ascent.
Each climbing competition has three main types of events, which are :
Lead Climbing - The objective is to climb a route within a pre-determined timeframe. The climbers that climb the farthest are declared as the winners.
Speed Climbing - The objective is to climb the entire route in the fastest time possible. The team or individual that clocks the fastest time is declared as the winner.
Bouldering - competitors attempt to climb a route within a minimum number of movements.