Track cycling is a sport of the bicycle racing discipline, conducted on velodromes or other specially designed tracks that feature a steep banking. Athletes use specially designed bikes that have no brakes, with a single gear on the front and the rear. Tracing cycling races are broadly classified into two different formats which are : Sprint : Sprint races are shorter in length, usually between 8 to 10 laps, where the focus is on speed. There are four codes of sprint races, which are, sprint, team sprint, keirin, and track time trial. Endurance : Endurance races are longer, usually 12 - 16 laps, and focus on athletes endurance. The different codes of endurance races are, individual pursuit, team pursuit, scratch race, points race, madison, and omnium. Race codes of both formats have races for individuals and teams. For all race codes, the rider or team, that crosses the finish line first is declared as the winner. Track cycling is part of the Olympics, and about ten different codes of races are conducted for both men and women. UCI Track Cycling World Championships, conducted annually, is another major event for the sport, which features races of 19 different codes, for both men and women.