Racketlon is a combination of the individual sports disciplines of badminton, squash, table tennis and tennis. It originated in Finland and Sweden and was modeled on other combination sports like the triathlon and decathlon. A Racketlon match contains four sets, one in each sport. Each set is played to 21 points, but the total winner of a Racketlon match is not the one that wins most sets, but the one that scores the most points in total.
In 2001 the first ever international racketlon tournament took place. It was the Gothenburg Racketlon World Open in Sweden, and it was considered the first ever world championship in racketlon. The first official world ranking system was introduced right after the 2001 World Championship. The first international racketlon tournament in Finland was played in 2002, and in the same year, the first racketlon tournament outside Scandinavia took place, in Scotland. The English Open also had its debut in 2002. At the second World Championships in Gothenburg 2002, a national team competition was added for the first time. The premiere of the International World Tour was in 2003, and in 2005 competitions in doubles were made possible.
The International Racketlon Federation (IRF) was founded on 15th September 2002. Official languages are French, English and German and the acronym later changed to French FIR - Federation Internationale de Racketlon. The first FIR COUNCIL was elected in October 2005 at a General Meeting during the English Open in London. Each year The Racketlon World Tour is organised by the International Racketlon Federation. As of June 2016, the International World Tour contains 23 events divided into six challengers, 12 International World Tour tournaments, two Super World Tour tournaments and three World Championships (singles, doubles and national teams).
Rackleton India Sports Association (RISA or Association) is an Indian national bodyset up to introduce, promote and govern rackleton sports in India. RISA sought affiliation to FIR (Federation Internationale de Racketlon), a governing apex body, headquartered in Vienna, Austria. FIR promotes and organises racket-based sports viz., table tennis, badminton, squash and tennis. Competition is recognized in over 60 countries and widely played across the planet. It has seen a rapid growth in interest over the last decade in Western countries with the whole range from inter-schools to inter-cities, inter-states, nationals and international events.
- In racketlon a player competes against an opponent, or a doubles pair, in each of the four biggest racket sports: table tennis, badminton, squash and tennis.
- One set is played in each sport, in the order from the smallest to the biggest racket. Each of the four sets are played with running score to 21 points, with a margin of two points needed to finish a set. In team competitions, however, the individual matches are played to 11 points.
- Each player serves two serves at a time, and except in table tennis, this is always one serve from the right side and one serve from the left side of the court. Lots are drawn to decide who starts serving in table tennis, and this player will also start serving in squash.
- The winner of a racketlon match is the player or doubles pair who has won the most points in total. When a player leads a match with more points than there are points left for the opponent to obtain, the match is over.
- If the score is tied after all four sports, a "gummiarm"-point is played. This is a single extra point played in tennis, with only one serve to start off the rally. Lots are drawn to decide the server, and the winner of this rally wins the entire match.
- In doubles, the squash set is played individually. One player from each pair plays until someone reaches 11 points. From here, the rest of the game is finished by the two remaining players.
- With the exception of the above-mentioned rules, all rules that apply to the four individual sports also apply for racketlon.