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Athletics

Athletics

Athletics commonly known as Track and Field, though it is an umbrella sport, which in addition toTrack and Field it also comprises Cross Country Running, Road Running and Racewalking.This is a site about the sport of athletics or track and field. Athletics, or Track and Field as it is known in some parts of the world, is composed of many individual and team events. Running Track A standard running track has eight lanes. Each land is 1.22m wide. All tracks are run around in an anti-clockwise direction. Athletics Events:Running events include: sprints (100m, 200m, 400m), middle distance (800m, 1500m) long distance (3000m Steeplechase, 5000m, 10,000m) hurdles (110/100m, 400m) relays (4x100m, 4x400m).Jumping events include: Long Jump, High Jump Triple Jump Pole Vault. Throwing Throwing events include: Discus Shot Put Javelin Hammer Throw. Multiple Events ,The Men’s Decathlon and Women’s Heptathlon include a combination of events, held over two days each. Points are awarded for each event and the overall winner is the athlete with the most points. The decathlon includes ten events in the following order, for the first day: 100m, long jump, shot put, high jump, 400m. The second day events are 110m hurdles, discus throw, pole vault, javelin, 1500m. The heptathlon includes seven events in the following order, for the first day: 100m hurdles, high jump, shot put and 200m. The second day events are long jump, javelin and 800m. Walking Events Race walking is a special long-distance race event in which the participants must walk as fast as they can, while they are expected to maintain good form. The competitors are penalized for bending the knee as it passes under the body or having no foot-to-ground contact. The men compete in both 20km and 50km events, women only in the 20km event. The Marathon is a long-distance running event, taking place over a course of 42.195km or (26 miles & 385 yds.) in length. The marathon was originally conceived as a race for the 1896 Olympics in Athens, commemorating the run of the soldier Pheidippides from a battlefield at the site of the town of Marathon, Greece, to Athens in 490 B.C. Legend has it that Pheidippides delivered the momentous message "Niki!" ("victory"), then collapsed and died. The unusual distance is a result of the 1908 Olympic Games in London where the marathon distance was changed to 26 miles to cover the ground from Windsor Castle to White City Stadium, with 385 yards added on so the race could finish in front of royal family's viewing box.  


एथलेटिक्स प्रतिस्पर्धात्मक दौड़ने, कूदने, फेंकने और चलने की प्रतियोगिताओं का एक विशेष संग्रह है। एथलेटिक्स के अंतर्गत समान्य तौर पर ट्रैक और फील्ड, रोड रनिंग, क्रॉस कंट्री रनिंग और रेस वॉकिंग प्रतियोगिताओं को सम्मिलित किया जाता है। प्रतियोगिताओं की सादगी और महंगे उपकरणों की अनुपस्थिति, एथलेटिक्स को सामान्यतः दुनिया की सबसे अधिक खेले जाने वाली खेल प्रतियोगिता बनाता है।


संगठित एथलेटिक्स प्रतियोगिताओं का आयोजन 776 ईसा पूर्व के प्राचीन ओलम्पिक खेलों से होता आ रहा है। निकटतम भविष्य में सबसे आधुनिक प्रतिस्पर्धाओं का आयोजन इंटरनेशनल एसोसिएशन ऑफ एथलेटिक्स फेडरेशन (आइ॰ए॰ए॰एफ॰) के सदस्य क्लबों द्वारा किया जाता है। एथलेटिक्स आधुनिक ग्रीष्मकालीन ओलम्पिक खेलों और अन्य प्रमुख अंतरराष्ट्रीय खेल प्रतियोगिताओं जैसे आइ॰ए॰ए॰एफ॰ विश्व एथलेटिक्स चैंपियनशिप और विश्व इंडोर चैंपियनशिप का अभिन्न अंग है। शारीरिक विकलांगता वाले एथलीट ग्रीष्मकालीन पैरालिम्पिक्स और आई॰पी॰सी॰ विश्व एथलेटिक्स चैंपियनशिप में भाग लेते हैं।

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