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Weight & Measures

Weight & Measures


STRAIGHT LINE CONVERSION CHART OF WEIGHT:


(IN AVOIRDUPOIS) = (IN METRIC) = (IN TROY) = (IN GRAIN)



  1. 1 grain =8 mg = 1 grain = 1 grain

  2. 1 dram =7718437 g = 1.1393229 pnwt = 27.3437 gr

  3. 1/4 ounce =0873 g = 4.5583333 pnwt = 109.4 gr

  4. 1/2 ounce =1748 g = 0.4558333 oz = 218.8 gr

  5. 1 ounce =3495 g = 0.9114583 oz = 437.5 gr

  6. 1 pound =45359 kg = 1.2152777 lb = 7000 gr

  7. 564384 dram = 1 gram = 0.6430166 pnwt = 15.4324 gr

  8. 0154 grain = 1 milligram = 0.0154 grain = 0.0154 gr

  9. 8777142 dram = 1555.2 mg = 1 pnwt = 24 gr

  10. 0971428 oz = 31.103392 g = 1 ounce = 480 gr

  11. 8228571 lbs = 373.24224 g = 1 pound = 576 gr


*Abbreviations : pnwt - pennywight ; gr - grain ; oz - ounce


DIRECT EQUIVALENTS:


2.2046341 lbs = 1 kilogram


1 centigram = .1543 grains


1 hundredweight = 50.8020 kg


1 decigram = 1.5432 grains


1 short ton = 0.9072 metric tons


1 decagram = 1.3527 ounces


1 long ton = 1.016 metric tons


1 hectogram = 3.5274 ounces


2204.6341 lbs = 1 metric ton


1000 kilograms = 0.9842 ton


EQUIVALENTS WITHIN EACH STANDARD:


AVOIRDUPOIS:


27.34 grains = 1 dram


60 grains = 1 dram


16 drams = 1 ounce


16 ounces = 1 pound


28 pounds = 1/4 hundredweight


112 pounds = 1 hundredweight


20 hundredweight = 1 ton


2000 pounds = 1 short ton


2240 pounds = 1 long ton 


APOTHECARY:


20 grains = 1 scruple


3 scruples = 1 drachm


8 drachms = 1 ounce


12 ounces = 1 pound


5760 grains = 1 pound 


METRIC:


1000 milligrams = 1 gram


100 centigrams = 1 gram


10 decigrams = 1 gram


10 grams = 1 decagram


100 grams = 1 hectogram


1000 grams = 1 kilogram


1000 kilograms = 1 metric ton


TROY:


24 grains = 1 pennyweight


20 pennyweight = 1 ounce


12 ounces = 1 pound 


CARAT WEIGHT:


3.16666 gr. = 1 carat .031666 gr. = 1 point 100 points = 1 carat


2 mg. = 1 metric point 200 mg. = 1 metric carat 


LIQUID MEASURE:


57.75 cubic inches = 2 pints = 1 liquid quart


16 liquid ounces = 1 liquid pint


4 liquid quarts = 1 gallon


METRIC CAPACITY:


1 liter = 1000 milliters


10 liters = 1 decaliter


1 liter = 100 centiliters


100 liters = 1 hectaliter


1 liter = 10 deciliters


1000 liters = 1 kiloliter


SQUARE MEASURE:


1 sq.foot = 144 sq. inches


1 sq. yard = 9 sq. feet


1 sq. rod = 30 1/4 sq. yards


1 sq. chain = 16 sq. rods


1 rood = 2.5 sq chains


1 acre = 4 roods


1 sq. mile = 640 acres, 2560 roods or 3,097,600 square yards


CUBIC MEASURE:


1728 cubic inches = 1 cubic foot


27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard 


CUBIC METRIC EQUIVALENTS:


1 cubic inch = 16.387 cubic centimeters


1 cubic foot = .0283 cubic meters


1 cubic yard = .7646 cubic meters 


ANGULAR MEASURE:


60 seconds = 1 minute


60 minutes = 1 degree


30 degrees = 1 sign


90 degrees = 1 quadrant


4 quadrants (360 degrees) = 1 circle 


LINEAR MEASURE:


12 lines = 1 inch


3 inches = 1 palm


4 inches = 1 hand


12 inches = 1 foot


3 feet = 1 yard


1 cupit (cubit) = elbow to the longest finger; average 18 inches


1 fathom = finger tip to tip of extended arms; average 6 feet


1 pace, military = 2.5 feet 1 pace, geometric = 5 feet


1 rod, perch or pole = 16.5 feet (5.5 yards)


1 chain = 22 yards


1 cable = 240 yards


40 rods = 1 furlong


320 rods = 1 mile


8 furlongs = 1 mile


3 miles = 1 (land) league


5280 feet = 1 statute mile


6080 feet = 1 nautical mile


1 degree, 69 1/8 miles = 60 nautical knots or geographical miles 


METRIC LINEAR MEASURE:


1 meter = 1000 millimeters


10 meters = 1 decameter


1 meter = 100 centimeters


100 meters = 1 hectometer


1 meter = 10 decimeters


1000 meters = 1 kilometer


LINEAR EQUIVALENTS:


1 millimeter = .03937 inch


1 meter = 1.0936 yards


1 centimeter = .3937 inch


1 decameter = 393.7 inches


1 decimeter = 3.937 inches


1 hectometer = 328.0833 feet


1 meter = 39.37 inches


1 kilometer = .62137 mile


1 meter = 3.2808 feet


ARCHAIC FORMS OF MEASURE:


1 gill = 1/4 pint


1 pint = 4 gills


1 barrel = 36 gallons


1 pipe = 92 to 115 gallons

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