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Weight & Measures

Common Weights and Measures Length Metric System 1 millimeter  =  1/1,000 meter 1 centimeter  =  1/100 meter 1 decimeter  =  1/10 meter 1 meter (basic unit of length) 1 dekameter  =  10 meters 1 kilometer  =  1,000 meters American and British Units 1 inch  =  1/36 yard  =  1/12 foot 1 foot  =  1/3 yard 1 yard (basic unit of length) 1 rod  =  5 1/2 yards 1 furlong  =  220 yards  =  40 rods 1 mile  =  1,760 yards  =  5,280 feet 1 fathom  =  6 feet 1 nautical mile  =  6,076.1 feet Conversion Factors 1 centimeter  =  0.39 inch 1 inch  =  2.54 centimeters 1 meter  =  39.37 inches 1 foot  =  0.305 meter 1 meter  =  3.28 feet 1 yard  =  0.914 meter 1 meter  =  1.094 yards 1 kilometer  =  0.62 mile 1 mile  =  1.609 kilometers Area Metric System 1 square centimeter  =  1/10,000 square meter 1 square decimeter  =  1/100 square meter 1 square meter (basic unit of area) 1 are  =  100 square meters 1 hectare  =  10,000 square meters  =  100 ares 1 square kilometer  =  1,000,000 square meters American and British Units 1 square inch  =  1/1,296 square yard  =  1/144 square foot 1 square foot  =  1/9 square yard 1 square yard (basic unit of area) 1 square rod  =  30 1/4 square yards 1 acre  =  4,840 square yards  =  160 square rods 1 square mile  =  3,097,600 square yards  =  640 acres Conversion Factors 1 square centimeter  =  0.155 square inch 1 square inch  =  6.45 square centimeters 1 acre  =  0.405 hectare 1 hectare  =  2.47 acres 1 square kilometer  =  0.386 square mile 1 square mile  =  2.59 square kilometers Volume and Capacity (Liquid and Dry) Metric System 1 cubic centimeter  =  1/1,000,000 cubic meter 1 cubic decimeter  =  1/1,000 cubic meter 1 cubic meter  =  1 stere (basic unit of volume) 1 milliliter  =  1/1,000 liter  =  1 cubic centimeter 1 centiliter  =  1/100 liter 1 deciliter  =  1/10 liter 1 liter  =  1 cubic decimeter (basic unit of capacity) 1 dekaliter  =  10 liters 1 hectoliter  =  100 liters  =  1/10 cubic meter American and British Units 1 cubic inch  =  1/46,656 cubic yard  =  1/1,728 cubic foot 1 cubic foot  =  1/27 cubic yard 1 cubic yard (basic unit of volume) 1 U.S. fluid ounce  =  1/128 U.S. gallon  =  1/16 U.S. pint 1 British imperial fluid ounce  =  1/160 imperial gallon  =  1/20 imperial pint 1 pint  =  1/8 gallon  =  1/2 quart 1 quart  =  1/4 gallon 1 U.S. gallon (basic unit of liquid capacity in the United States)  =  231 cubic inches 1 imperial gallon (basic unit of liquid capacity in some Commonwealth nations)  =  277.4 cubic inches 1 dry pint  =  1/64 bushel  =  1/2 dry quart 1 dry quart  =  1/32 bushel  =  1/8 peck 1 peck  =  1/4 bushel 1 U.S. bushel (basic unit of dry capacity in the United States)  =  2,150.4 cubic inches 1 imperial bushel (basic unit of dry capacity in some Commonwealth nations)  =  2,219.4 cubic inches Conversion Factors 1 cubic centimeter  =  0.06 cubic inch 1 cubic inch  =  16.4 cubic centimeters 1 cubic yard  =  0.765 cubic meter 1 cubic meter  =  1.3 cubic yards 1 milliliter  =  0.034 fluid ounce 1 fluid ounce  =  29.6 milliliters 1 U.S. quart  =  0.946 liter 1 liter  =  1.06 U.S. quarts 1 U.S. gallon  =  3.8 liters 1 imperial gallon  =  1.2 U.S. gallons  =  4.5 liters 1 liter  =  0.9 dry quart 1 dry quart  =  1.1 liters 1 dekaliter  =  0.28 U.S. bushel 1 U.S. bushel  =  0.97 imperial bushel  =  3.5 dekaliters Weight (Mass) Metric System 1 milligram  =  1/1,000,000 kilogram  =  1/1,000 gram 1 centigram  =  1/100,000 kilogram  =  1/100 gram 1 decigram  =  1/10,000 kilogram  =  1/10 gram 1 gram  =  1/1,000 kilogram 1 dekagram  =  1/100 kilogram  =  10 grams 1 hectogram  =  1/10 kilogram  =  100 grams 1 kilogram (basic unit of weight or mass) 1 metric ton  =  1,000 kilograms American and British Units: Avoirdupois 1 grain  =  1/7,000 pound  =  1/437.5 ounce 1 dram  =  1/256 pound  =  1/16 ounce 1 ounce  =  1/16 pound 1 pound (basic unit of weight or mass) 1 short hundredweight  =  100 pounds 1 long hundredweight  =  112 pounds 1 short ton  =  2,000 pounds 1 long ton  =  2,240 pounds American and British Units: Troy and Apothecaries' 1 grain  =  1/7,000 avoirdupois pound  =  1/5,760 troy or apothecaries' pound 1 apothecaries' scruple  =  20 grains  =  1/3 dram 1 pennyweight  =  24 grains  =  1/20 troy ounce 1 apothecaries' dram  =  60 grains  =  1/8 apothecaries' ounce 1 troy or apothecaries' ounce  =  480 grains  =  1/12 troy or apothecaries' pound 1 troy or apothecaries' pound  =  5,760 grains  =  5,760/7,000 avoirdupois pound Conversion Factors 1 milligram  =  0.015 grain 1 grain  =  64.8 milligrams 1 gram  =  0.035 avoirdupois ounce 1 avoirdupois ounce  =  28.35 grams 1 troy or apothecaries' pound  =  0.82 avoirdupois pound  =  0.37 kilogram 1 avoirdupois pound  =  1.2 troy or apothecaries' pounds  =  0.45 kilogram 1 kilogram  =  2.205 avoirdupois pounds 1 short ton  =  0.9 metric ton 1 metric ton  =  1.1 short tons

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